Jun 6, 2024, 11:10 PM IST

Most cruel king of Mughal dynasty

Shweta Singh

Aurangzeb enforced Sharia laws strictly, reinstating the jizya tax on non-Muslims and destroying many Hindu temples. These actions created significant religious tension and alienation.

He demolished key Hindu temples such as Kashi Vishwanath and Kesava Deo, replacing them with mosques. This was perceived as an attempt to erase Hindu cultural identity.

Aurangzeb ordered the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru, for his refusal to convert to Islam. This act deeply intensified Sikh-Mughal animosity.

Faced with rebellions from the Marathas, Rajputs, and Sikhs, Aurangzeb launched severe military campaigns. His harsh punitive measures led to significant civilian suffering and loss of life.

To seize the throne, Aurangzeb imprisoned his father, Shah Jahan, and executed his brothers, including the more tolerant Dara Shikoh. This showcased his ruthless pursuit of power.

Prolonged military campaigns, especially in the Deccan, drained the empire's resources. Heavy taxes to fund these wars led to widespread economic hardship and discontent among the populace.

Aurangzeb's strict regulations included banning music, dance, and entertainment at court. This austere approach to governance alienated many of his subjects.

His reign weakened and divided the Mughal Empire, leading to widespread dissent. Aurangzeb's policies set the stage for the empire's fragmentation and eventual decline.